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    Sunday, January 15, 2012

    Best Treatment for Patients with Both Heart Disease and Diabetes? No Clear Answer

    For patients with both coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes, outcomes are similar regardless of whether revascularization or medical therapy is used — and whether insulin sensitization or insulin provision is used — reports an industry-supported study published online in the New England Journal of Medicine.

    Researchers randomized some 2400 patients to either prompt revascularization or medical treatment, and to either insulin-sensitization or insulin-provision therapy. At 5 years, all-cause mortality did not differ between the revascularization and medical-therapy groups or between the insulin-sensitization and insulin-provision groups. Similarly, major cardiovascular events did not differ between groups.
    Patients were stratified before randomization according to type of revascularization, and patients in the CABG (but not PCI) group had fewer major cardiovascular events with revascularization but a similar mortality rate.

    Asked to comment, Journal Watch Cardiology Editor-in-Chief Dr. Harlan Krumholz said that the failure of the study to show clear superiority of revascularization and insulin sensitization "reinforces the need to incorporate the patient's preferences, values, and goals — and costs — into decisions about which strategy to pursue."

    Please remember, as with all our articles we provide information, not medical advice. For any treatment of your own medical condition you must visit your local doctor, with or without our article[s]. These articles are not to be taken as individual medical advice.

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